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Devanshi Modi Feb 4, 2022

6 Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that connects your heel to your toes. Pain and inflammation of this fascia is known as Plantar Fasciitis.
This leads to pain at the base of the heel while walking and standing. The first few steps after waking up in the morning are very painful. There are few points on the heel or the arch of the foot which would hurt by pressing it. The pain is nagging and typically increases gradually from onset. 

1. Tightness of Calf muscle
The calf muscles attach to the heel bone. A tight calf muscle would pull and tug on the heel bone pulling it in a different direction especially while weight bearing leading to inflammation of fascia at the base of the foot.
2. Flat foot or high arch foot
There is an arch normally present on the inside of the foot. Too much arch or too little an arch affects how the weight of the body falls on the feet. If body weight does not fall on the feet in an optimal way it can cause painful heel.
3. Overweight
Too much body weight causes increased stress on the bowstring strut of the foot leading to painful heel and foot.
4. Too much running or prolonged standing
Professions involving long standing hours or marathoner's, ballet dancers have repetitive stresses on the fascia leading to pain.
5. Tightness of hip and leg muscles
How your foot falls is largely contributed by tightness around hip muscles. So to have even weight bearing we need to have good length- strength relation at the hip
6. Improper footwear
It is very common to have heel pain after wearing heels or dress shoes on a regular basis. Make sure the footwear is not ill fitting either.

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